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Nitrate Industry | Encyclopedia

2021-10-25 · Nitrate IndustryHistorically a crucial industry for Chile, nitrates were an important product for European and American farmers. Nitrates, the principal component of fertilizer and explosives, became an important commodity in the late nineteenth century. Discovered in large quantities in the Bolivian portion of the Atacama Desert and the Peruvian province of Tarapacá in the mid-nineteenth ...

Incomplete Remains: Interpreting Mining Company Towns …

2019-2-1 · The working class culture around mining is a pervasive aspect of Chilean nationhood. Unlike in South Africa, where mine owners intentionally used language barriers and ethnicity to discourage the formation of trans-cultural African worker movements, and where white unions often worked to the detriment of their black counterparts, Chile possesses a largely solidified working class culture.

Nitrate ruins: the photography of mining in the Atacama ...

A photographic album entitled Oficina Alianza and Port of Iquique 1899 illustrates the industrial development of nitrate mining in Chile. From the late nineteenth century to the early twentieth, British capitalists dominated the extraction of Chilean nitrate and its export as a fertilizer and an explosive.

Chile | History, Map, Flag, Population, & Facts | Britannica

2021-11-9 · Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. A long, narrow country, it extends approximately 2,700 miles and has an average width of just 110 miles. It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Santiago.

(PDF) The Long Run Development of Chile and the Natural ...

Nitrate production was the main export in Chile during the period of 1880 – 1930 and its influence over exchange rate was revisited b y Palma (1979; 2000b) and L üders and Wagner (2003).

Chacabuco, Chile

2020-7-15 · History of Chacabuco Mining Town Image: Dieter Titz [CC BY-ND 2.0] Chacabuco Mining Town was first established in 1924 by the Lautaro Nitrate Company Ltd, to take advantage of the nitrate mining boom going on in Chile at the time. However, the mines there were short-lived. The American depression in the 1930s alongside the invention of synthetic nitrate by the Germans meant that by the …

Traces of Nitrate

2013 — Mining Chile: Traces of Nitrate — Conference paper presented by Louise Purbrick at the seminar Critical Urban Ecology: Urban Territories, University of Brighton. 13th February 2013. Conference Papers. 2013 — Nitrate Trade and Photography Between Chile and Britain ...

Nitrate ruins: the photography of mining in the Atacama ...

2017-5-2 · A photographic album entitled Oficina Alianza and Port of Iquique 1899 illustrates the industrial development of nitrate mining in Chile. From the late nineteenth century to the early twentieth, British capitalists dominated the extraction of Chilean nitrate and its …

Ghosts of the Atacama: The abandonment of nitrate …

The Atacama Desert. A series of geoglyphs can be seen in the foreground on the hill slope, with the Andes just visible in the background. In the middle distance is the broad, flat expanse of the ...

NITRATE DEPOSITS

2011-6-14 · Nitrate salts, although not generally found in large amounts, are widely distributed in natural deposits and occur in several forms. They are found in all fertile soils, though usually rather sparingly,

Mining nitrate, Chile | Library of Congress

The Library of Congress does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not license or charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute the material.

Humberstone: A Chilean ghost town''s English past

2015-2-8 · Humberstone is a former mining town in the Atacama Desert, a few hundred kilometres from Chile''s borders with Peru and Bolivia. It was named after James Humberstone, a British chemical engineer ...

LEACHING OF LOW-GRADE COPPER ORES: A CASE …

2017-6-9 · (Chile), Mt Lyell (Australia) [7, 8], as well as the Mining and Smelting Basin Bor (RTB), Serbia. At the beginning of the 20th century, copper mines within the RTB Company ranked among the highest-grade copper mines (on average 5 – 6 % Cu in the ore). At …

Chilean Elites and Foreign Investors: Chilean Nitrate ...

Economically, mining was far more important than agriculture. Export earnings from mining were generally two or three times greater than those de la Universidad del Norte (Antofagasta), No. 5 (1966), p. 152; J. R. Brown, ''The Frustration of Chile''s Nitrate Imperialism'', Pacific Historical Review, No. 32 (Nov. 1963), pp. 383-96.

Chilean Nitrate Company (COSACH) | Encyclopedia

2021-10-25 · Chilean Nitrate Company (COSACH)Owned by the government of Chile and private interests, the Chilean Nitrate Company (Compañía de Salitre de Chile, or COSACH) was founded to produce nitrate. In the 1920s, the Guggenheim family interests introduced a new technique to refine nitrate. Although more economical, the natural nitrates, or salitre, had difficulty competing with …

Lota Mining Complex

Coal mining in Belgium gained strength prior to Chile because the Wallonia mines began operating at the beginning of the 19th century with great momentum. Mineral extractions were maintained for more than 150 years, but during the 20th century the productive development was affected by economic depressions and wars.

Mining nitrate, Chile

Download Image of Mining nitrate, Chile. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. Two men in a pit. Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection (Library of ...

Chile''s SQM outlines major ...

2020-12-26 · Chile''s SQM outlines major expansion plans for lithium, nitrate & iodine production Posted by Paul Moore on 26th December 2020 SQM announced on December 23 that its board has approved initiating the process to increase the company''s capital by up to $1.1 billion through the issuance of 22.4 million Series B shares of common stock, subject ...

Mining nitrate, Chile

Title: Mining nitrate, Chile Date Created/Published: [between 1900 and 1940(?)] Medium: 1 photographic print. Summary: Two men in a pit. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-89822 (b&w film copy neg.) Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.

The Guggenheims and the Coming of the Great …

2019-9-11 · mining engineer with a firsthand knowledge of local conditions in Chile. Guggenheim Brothers acquired the Anglo-Chilean Nitrate and Railway Company and in addition to that further nitrate deposits in Chile. In 1924 the new holdings were transformed into the recently organized Anglo-Chilean Consolidated Nitrate

Chilean lithium giant SQM ups net income 171% in 9M …

2021-11-19 · - Chilean mining company Sociedad Quimica y Minera de Chile (SQM), a major lithium producer, today reported net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 (9M 2021) of US$263.9 million, an increase of 171% compared to net income of US$97.5 million for 9M 2020.

Nitrate ruins: the photography of mining in the Atacama ...

2015-5-11 · Mining Nitrate, Chile. This photograph of sodium nitrate mining in Chile in the first part of the 20th century is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855–1924) was an American writer of …

Sociedad Química y Minera de Chile S.A. Annual Report …

2021-3-30 · Calichera S.A. and its related companies, Inversiones Global Mining Chile Limitada and Potasios de Chile S.A.) and Kowa Group (which includes the companies Kowa Company Ltd., Inversiones La Esperanza (Chile) Limitada, Kochi S.A and La Esperanza Delaware Corporation) signed a joint agreement and became the controlling group of SQM.

2013 — Traces of Nitrate: Mining history and photography ...

2013 — Traces of Nitrate: Mining history and photography between Britain and Chile A week of events at the School of Arts, Birkbeck, University of London, including a seminar, a workshop, an exhibition of work in progress, and a gallery talk, 11th -15th March 2013.

Chilean Potassium Nitrate Manufacturers | Suppliers of ...

potassium nitrate potassium nitrate - hydroponical grade - crystallized 1, 920 polyethylene bag 48, 000 kg net weight 49, 214 kg gross weight 2200014953 freight prepaid imo... Acf Minera S.A. Chile

Mining Nitrate, Chile — Viewer — World Digital Library

2021-10-31 · This photograph of sodium nitrate mining in Chile in the first part of the 20th century is from the Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection at the Library of Congress. Frank G. Carpenter (1855–1924) was an American writer of books on travel and world geography, whose works helped to popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the United States in the early years of the 20th century.

GHOSTS OF THE ATACAMA: THE ABANDONMENT OF …

2013-4-3 · Keywords: Chile, Nitrate, Mining landscapes, Atacama Desert. INTRODUCTION . Between northern Chile''s coastal mountains and the Andes lies a landscape whose immense size and desolation seem to defy any attempt at human habitation. Surface water is nonexistent and the intense dryness saps away any hint of moisture. In

Chile''s Mining and Chemicals Industries

2015-4-10 · Although by 1810 Chile was producing 19,000 m.t./yr of copper from oxidized ores, copper mining did not dom-inate until 1840, when reverberatory furnace technology was introduced to process sulfurous ores. At that point, Chile became the largest copper producer worldwide, producing a total of more than 2 million m.t. of copper

Rusting Ruins Inside Chile''s Largest Nitrate Ghost Town ...

2014-8-28 · The Nitrate Towns of Chile Towns with a resource known as "white gold," valuable enough to fight a war over, now stand ghostly and empty. A water tower on …